Background of project in Vietnam

550.000 children with disabilities could not go to school.

Recently, the rate of children with disabilities are going to schools is around 40 % among the total number of them. In reality, in the total of 920.000 children with disabilities, there are more than 550.000 children do not go to school. In Vietnam, there is only one special school for each province, so children with disabilities who are living in rura , mountainous area, they could not go to special school in the city .. Beside that, many of special schools have limitation of getting children in their schools, so every year there are more 200 refused cases go to schools.

Inclusive education is in a class of ordinary primary or secondary schools, child with disability and child with non disability study together . Child with disability may be get hearing impaired, or visual impaired or intellectual disability , physically disability or child with many difficulties. In Europe, in class with 20-30 children, there are 1-2 children with disabilities to study together, that is normal.

The undertakings of inclusive education of Vietnam government in reality situation : less special schools in movement of education for children in the world is appropriate. This project is to implement the training courses for inclusive education to teachers in public and private primary schools, with its purpose is for teachers who will get more children with disabilities in classes and day by day there are more children with disability can study in primary schools.


Situation of children with disabilities who go to schools in Binh Thuan province

In Binh Thuan province, there are 127 communes, 17 communes in highland area, 62 communes in mountainous area, 3 communes in island. There are 26 groups of minority people rate 6,9 % population. Number of children in school ages from 6 to 14 years old is 53.882 children , there are 936 children with disabilities among them, there are 766 children with disabilities are going to the ordinary primary schools near by to their homes.
The recent difficulty is among 646 teachers who get children with disabilities in their classes, there are only 92 teachers who got training courses of inclusive education, 554 teachers who do not get any training course. So teachers are so confused to teach and manage their classes.
Teacher’s awareness of this issue as follows:

1. Although to teach many times but child with disability does not get in progress
2. To be too busy to prepare teaching times, do not have time to prepare particularly for each child with disability.
3. Child with disability shouts in class.
4. Child with disability runs round, round in teaching time.
5. Child with disability fights classmates.
6. Do not understand child with disability.
7. Do not know how to check and get child with disability to be up in high grade.

To resolve these problems, the training courses and upgrading skills of teachers are needed. Beside that, 170 children who do not go to schools yet, need to go to schools near by to their homes.


Situation of children with disability who go to school in An Giang province

An Giang province is in the border with Cambodia and many Khmer people are living there. This province is considered as one of many poor provinces in Vietnam, because it is not an industry jones nor a tourist site as Can tho.

Number of children with disabilities from 6 to 14 years old is around 1,061 children. Recently among them, 7 children are in primary level of special school, 392 are in inclusive primary schools. Total there are 399 children are going to schools, rate 37 %.

So, there are 662 children with disabilities are not going yet to primary schools near by to their homes nor to special school. They are loosing their chances to go to schools, they only stay at home and do nothing.

In addition, there are 184 teachers in inclusive classes do not get training courses yet. Teachers only get training courses for hearing impaired and visual impaired education in hearing impaired and visual impaired children special school. Therefore, there are more than 80% number of children with disability in this province are children with intellectual disabilities. So, teachers who get child with disability in their classes, but they do not get training courses of education for children with intellectual disabilities , that is very difficult for teachers.

To resolve these matters, training courses and upgrading skills of inclusive education for teacher are needed. Beside that, many children who do not go to schools yet need to be given chances to go to primary schools near by their homes.


Situation of children with disabilities who go to schools in Lam Dong province

Lam Dong province - where we implemented the project – is a mountainous province of Vietnam, bordering to Dong Nai province.

2014 – 2015
Number of children who went to special school: 206 children
Number of children who went to near by primary schools : 419 children

2015 – 2016
Number of children who went to special school : 211 children
Number of children who went to near by primary school: 490 children

2016 – 2017
Number of children who went to special school: 210 children
Number of children who went to nearby primary schools : 569 children

In 2018, our organization did the training courses of inclusive education for 30 key teachers from Lam Dong province ( the shunless conjoint cooperation NGOs of Japan )

In 2014-2017, we implemented the project ‘To build up the system of training courses for inclusive education in Lam Dong ( The shunless conjoint cooperation NGOs of Japan )


Situation of children with disabilities who went to schools in Dong Nai province

Dong Nai province is in South East , bordering with Ho chí Minh city.

2013 – 2014
Number of children in the school ages : 1.351 children
Number of children went to special school: 127 children
Number of children who went to nearby primary schools: 1.019 children
Before implementing project, there were 75 % children with disabilities went to primary schools.

2014 – 2015
Number of children were in school ages: 2.386 children
Number of children went to special school: 148 children
Number of children who went to near by primary school: 1.195 children
First year of implementing project, there were 50% children with disabilities went to primary schools.

2015 – 2016
Number of children were in school ages: 1.896 children
Number of children went to special school: 154 children
Number of children with disabilities went to near by primary schools: 1.118 children
Second year of implementing project, there were 59 % children with disability went to primary schools.

2016 – 2017
Number of children were in schools ages: 1.776 children
Number of children went to special school: 164 children
Number of children went to near by primary schools: 1.412 children

Third year of implementing project, there were 80 % children with disabilities went to primary schools.


In 2008, our organization did the training courses of inclusive education for 30 key teachers from Dong Nai province ( the shunless conjoint cooperation NGOs of Japan )

In 2011-2013, we implemented the project ‘To build up the system of training courses for inclusive education in Dong Nai province (The technique support and cooperation of JICA)

In 2014-2017, we implemented the project ‘To build up the system of training courses for inclusive education in Dong Nai’ ( The shunless conjoint cooperation NGOs of Japan )